Why does your stomach hurt during menstruation?

Menstruation is a natural biological process that occurs in females, and it is a sign that the female reproductive system is functioning normally. It is a monthly occurrence, and it is characterized by the shedding of the uterine lining, which results in bleeding. However, for many women, menstruation comes with several symptoms, one of which is abdominal pain. In this article, we will discuss why your stomach hurts during menstruation, and how to deal with abdominal pain during menstruation.

Why does your stomach hurt during menstruation?

How painful are periods supposed to be? | The Independent | The Independent

Abdominal pain during menstruation is a common complaint among women. The pain may range from mild to severe and can last for a few hours to several days. Here are some of the reasons why your stomach hurts during menstruation:

  1. Prostaglandins: Prostaglandins are chemicals that are produced in the body during menstruation. They help the uterus to contract and shed its lining. However, high levels of prostaglandins can cause painful cramps.
  2. Endometriosis: Endometriosis is a condition where the tissue that lines the uterus grows outside of the uterus. This can cause painful cramps during menstruation.
  3. Fibroids: Fibroids are non-cancerous growths that can develop in the uterus. They can cause painful cramps and heavy bleeding during menstruation.
  4. Ovarian cysts: Ovarian cysts are fluid-filled sacs that develop in the ovaries. They can cause abdominal pain and discomfort during menstruation.
  5. Irritable bowel syndrome (IBS): IBS is a chronic condition that affects the large intestine. It can cause abdominal pain, bloating, and constipation or diarrhea during menstruation.
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How to deal with abdominal pain during menstruation

Menstrual Cramp Home Remedies to Manage Pain

Abdominal pain during menstruation can be uncomfortable and disruptive to your daily routine. However, there are several things you can do to manage the pain. Here are some tips:

  1. Use heat therapy: Applying heat to the lower abdomen can help to reduce cramps and relieve abdominal pain. You can use a heating pad, hot water bottle, or take a warm bath.
  2. Exercise: Exercise can help to reduce menstrual pain by releasing endorphins, which are natural painkillers. Gentle exercises like walking, yoga, and stretching are great options.
  3. Pain relievers: Over-the-counter pain relievers like ibuprofen, aspirin, and naproxen can help to relieve menstrual pain. Always follow the dosage instructions on the label.
  4. Relaxation techniques: Relaxation techniques like deep breathing, meditation, and massage can help to reduce stress and relieve menstrual pain.
  5. Diet: Eating a healthy and balanced diet can help to reduce menstrual pain. Avoiding caffeine, alcohol, and processed foods can also help.


Abdominal pain during menstruation is a common complaint among women. It can be caused by several factors, including prostaglandins, endometriosis, fibroids, ovarian cysts, and IBS. However, there are several things you can do to manage the pain, including using heat therapy, exercising, taking pain relievers, practicing relaxation techniques, and maintaining a healthy diet. If your menstrual pain is severe or lasts for more than a few days, it is important to consult your healthcare provider.

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