24 June 2024 Award-Winning CMU Papers at SIGGRAPH 2024

19 October 2023 Jun-Yan Zhu named 2023 Packard Fellow

17 August 2022 CVPR 2022 Best Paper Honorable Mention

17 April 2021 Ioannis Gkioulekas Receives NSF CAREER Award

The Carnegie Mellon Graphics Lab conducts cutting-edge research on computer graphics and computer vision, integrating insights from computer science , robotics , and mechanical engineering .

Award-Winning CMU Papers at SIGGRAPH 2024

Carnegie Mellon's research is well-represented at , with Carnegie Mellon authors collaborating on 12 papers, including two best papers (🏆) and two honorable mentions (🏅) in the .

Xuan Li, Minchen Li, Xuchen Han, Huamin Wang, Yin Yang, and Chenfanfu Jiang
Nicole Feng and Keenan Crane
Mohamad Qadri*, Kevin Zhang*, Akshay Hinduja, Michael Kaess, Adithya Pediredla, and Christopher Metzler
Arjun Teh, Ioannis Gkioulekas, and Matthew O'Toole
Yong Li, Shoaib Kamil, Keenan Crane, Alec Jacobson, and Yotam Gingold
Jiří Minarčík, Sam Estep, Wode Ni, and Keenan Crane (honorable mention 🏅)
Mark Gillespie, Denise Yang, Mario Botsch, and Keenan Crane (best paper 🏆)
Josua Sassen, Henrik Schumacher, Martin Rumpf, and Keenan Crane (honorable mention 🏅)
Yuichi Hirose, Mark Gillespie, Angelica M. Bonilla Fominaya, and James McCann
Jiashun Wang, Jessica Hodgins, and Jungdam Won
Ying Jiang*, Chang Yu*, Tianyi Xie*, Xuan Li*, Yutao Feng, Huamin Wang, Minchen Li, Henry Lau, Feng Gao, Yin Yang, and Chenfanfu Jiang (best paper 🏆)
Bailey Miller*, Rohan Sawhney*, Keenan Crane†, and Ioannis Gkioulekas†

In the author lists above, * and † indicate equal contribution.

Jun-Yan Zhu named 2023 Packard Fellow

was named a 2023 Packard Fellow for his work with Generative AI. Jun-Yan's work emphasizes new ways for creators to collaborate with generative models, while retaining control over the creative process and receiving proper compensation. His group has led several initiatives such as , which can remove copyrighted materials and artworks of living artists from existing models, and , designed to facilitate compensation for creators whose work has been used in model training. is the largest award given to young faculty in STEM fields, and is widely regarded as one of the most prestigious awards given to junior faculty members. An advisory panel of distinguished scientists and engineers carefully reviews the nominations and selects 20 fellows to receive an award of $875,000, distributed over five years, to allow the nation’s most promising early-career scientists and engineers flexible funding to take risks and explore new frontiers in their fields of study. Among the eight Packard Fellows currently at CMU, three are faculty members of the Graphics Lab, including previous awardees Jessica K. Hodgins (1994) and Keenan Crane (2018). Congratulations, Jun-Yan!

CVPR 2022 Best Paper Honorable Mention

Ioannis Gkioulekas Receives NSF CAREER Award

Cmu graphics papers at siggraph asia 2020.

CMU Graphics will be at SIGGRAPH Asia 2020!
Adithya Pediredla, Yasin Karimi Chalmiani, Matteo Giuseppe Scopelliti, Maysam Chamanzar, Srinivasa Narasimhan, and Ioannis Gkioulekas
Chen Bar, Ioannis Gkioulekas, and Anat Levin
Chris Yu, Henrick Schumacher, Keenan Crane
Nicholas Sharp, Keenan Crane

SGP 2020 Best Paper Award

won the at the for his work on a . The Laplacian is a basic building block for algorithms in digital geometry processing and simulation. Nick's work makes it possible to apply this tool reliably to any mesh or point cloud, even if it has bad connectivity or poor-quality triangles. Congrats, Nick!

CMU Graphics at SIGGRAPH 2020

Keep an eye out for these CMU Graphics papers at SIGGRAPH 2020!
Alankar Kotwal, Anat Levin, Technion, Ioannis Gkioulekas
Vishwanath Saragadam, Aswin Sankaranarayanan
Fujun Luan, Shuang Zhao, Kavita Bala, Ioannis Gkioulekas
Rohan Sawhney, Keenan Crane
Cheng Zhang, Bailey Miller, Kai Yan, Ioannis Gkioulekas, Shuang Zhao
Katherine Ye, Wode Ni, Max Krieger, Dor Ma’ayan, Jenna Wise, Jonathan Aldrich, Joshua Sunshine, Keenan Crane
Jen-Hao Rick Chang, Anat Levin, B. V. K. Vijaya, Kumar, Aswin C. Sankaranarayanan

ICCP 2020 Best Paper Honorable Mention Award


Keenan Crane Receives NSF CAREER Award

Ioannis gkioulekas named sloan research fellow.

. The Sloan Research Fellowship highlights the contributions of early-career scientists and scholars who demonstrate outstanding promise in fundamental research. Gkioulekas' interests are in computational imaging, computer vision, and computer graphics. His work focuses on non-line-of-sight imaging which enables the imaging of objects obstructed by corners or scattering materials. Read more about it .

CVPR 2019 Best Paper Award

. Their paper was selected out of roughly 5000 submitted papers. The awards committee described the paper: “this paper makes significant advances in non-line-of-sight reconstruction — in essence the ability to see around corners. It is a beautiful paper theoretically, as well as inspiring. It continues to push the boundaries of what is possible in computer vision.”

CMU Graphics at SIGGRAPH 2019

Lots of amazing work from CMU Graphics to appear at SIGGRAPH 2019—check it out!
Vidya Narayanan*, Kui Wu*, Cem Yuksel, Jim McCann
Nicholas Sharp, Yousuf Soliman, Keenan Crane
Etienne Corman, Keenan Crane
Nicholas Sharp, Yousuf Soliman, Keenan Crane
Chen Bar, Marina Alterman, Ioannis Gkioulekas, Anat Levin
Adithya Pediredla, Ashok Veeraraghavan, and Ioannis Gkioulekas
David B. Lindell, Gordon Wetzstein, Matthew O'Toole
Felix Heide, Matthew O'Toole, Kai Zang, David B. Lindell, Steven Diamond, Gordon Wetzstein
Stephen Lombardi, Tomas Simon, Jason Saragih, Gabriel Schwartz, Andreas Lehrmann, Yaser Sheikh
Shih-En Wei, Jason Saragih, Tomas Simon, Adam W. Harley, Stephen Lombardi, Michal Perdoch, Alexander Hypes, Dawei Wang, Hernan Badino, Yaser Sheikh

Katherine Ye Named MSR PhD Fellow

has been named a 2019 Microsoft Research PhD Fellow. She joins 10 students nationwide whose PhD research will be supported by MSR for the next two years. Katherine's work is making it possible to automatically turn plain-text mathematical equations into beautiful diagrams—find out more at . Congrats Katherine!

Jessica Hodgins Named ACM Fellow

has been named an ACM Fellow for her contributions to character animation, human simulation and humanoid robotics. The recognizes excellence, as evidenced by technical, professional and leadership contributions that advance computing, promote the free exchange of ideas, and advance the objectives of ACM. Read all about Jessica's award . Congrats Jessica!

Keenan Crane Named Packard Fellow

. The Packard Fellowships in Science and Engineering are among the nation’s largest nongovernmental fellowships, supporting blue-sky thinking of scientists and engineers in the hopes that their research will lead to new discoveries that improve people’s lives and enhance our understanding of the universe. Crane's work explores how the shapes and motions we observe in nature can be faithfully expressed in a language that is completely finite and discrete, and can hence be understood by computers. Read more about it .

CMU Graphics at SIGGRAPH 2018

We'll be presenting a bunch of new work at SIGGRAPH 2018. Take a look!
Nick Sharp, Keenan Crane (Carnegie Mellon University)
Oded Stein, Eitan Grinspun (Columbia University), Keenan Crane (Carnegie Mellon University)
Rohan Sawhney Keenan Crane (Carnegie Mellon University)
Yousuf Soliman, Dejan Slepcev, Keenan Crane (Carnegie Mellon University)
Mina Konakovic (EPFL), Julian Panetta (New York University), Keenan Crane (Carnegie Mellon University), Mark Pauly (EPFL)
Libin Liu (DeepMotion Inc.), Jessica Hodgins (Carnegie Mellon University)
Moritz Geilinger, Roi Poranne (ETH Zurich), Ruta Desai (Carnegie Mellon University), Bernhard Thomaszewski (Universite de Montreal), Stelian Coros (ETH Zurich)
Vidya Narayanan, Lea Albaugh, Jessica Hodgins, Stelian Coros, Jim McCann (Carnegie Mellon University)
Alex Poms (Carnegie Mellon University), William Crichton, Pat Hanrahan (Stanford University), Kayvon Fatahalian (Carnegie Mellon University)
Yong He, Kayvon Fatahalian (Carnegie Mellon University), Tim Foley (NVIDIA Research)
Stephen Lombardi, Tomas Simon, Jason Saragih, Yaser Sheikh (Carnegie Mellon University)

Matt O’Toole Joins CMU Graphics!

We are very happy to welcome   to the CMU Graphics Group.  Matt will join us this fall as a faculty member with joint appointments in the  and ; he does fundamental work in computational imaging, a field that combines optics, electronics, and processing in new and interesting ways to capture and display visual information. In particular, he's interested in using programmable lights and cameras to analyze the world around us.  Matt received his PhD from the University of Toronto in 2016, and is currently a postdoc at Stanford. Welcome to CMU, Matt!

Jim McCann Joins CMU Graphics Faculty!

Jim McCann joins the CMU Graphics Group this fall, as a faculty member in the . Jim is interested in systems and interfaces that operate in real-time and build user intuition; lately, he has been applying these ideas to textiles fabrication and machine knitting in the . He obtained his PhD in 2010 in the Graphics Lab, after which he worked at Adobe's Creative Technologies Lab and Disney Research. In his spare time, he makes video games as . Welcome, Jim!

Jessica Hodgins elected ACM SIGGRAPH President

In election results announced August 19th, 2017, Jessica Hodgins was elected President. She will begin her three year term on September 1st. If you have ideas on how to improve either the organization or the conference, send them her way. And volunteer -- both the organization and the conference are in need of volunteers.

CMU Graphics at SIGGRAPH 2017

This year, nine papers that were authored or co-authored by graphics lab members will be presented at SIGGRAPH 2017:

Jessica Hodgins Receives Steven Coons Award

At this year, will receive the Steven Anson Coons Award, which recognizes long-term creative impact on the field of computer graphics through a personal commitment over an extended period of time. She joins the ranks of other terrific members of our community including Ivan E. Sutherland, Pierre Bézier, Donald P. Greenberg, David C. Evans, Andries van Dam, Edwin Catmull, Jose Encarnação, James D. Foley, James F. Blinn, Lance Williams, Pat Hanrahan, Tomoyuki Nishita, Nelson Max, Rob Cook, Jim Kajiya, Turner Whitted, and Henry Fuchs. Congrats, Jessica!

Graphics Lab Alums win Tech Oscars!

Tonight, RI Faculty alum Iain Matthews (right) and his collaborators at Weta will be awarded a plaque for their facial capture system and RI PhD alum Kiran Bhat (left) and his ILM collaborators will get a certificate for their facial capture system.  

CMU Graphics Students Clean Up the Lab!

Two cmu graphics students win fellowships.

Two of our PhD students, (left) and (right), were both recently awarded prestigious PhD fellowships. Yong, who is a fourth-year PhD student with , will receive an , supporting his work on automated optimization of rendering systems. Nick, who is a first-year PhD student with , is the recipient of an , which will help jump start his work in 3D geometry processing. Congrats, guys!

Eight New PhD Students Join CMU Graphics Group!

A very warm welcome to our 2015 incoming graphics students, pictured here in , near the CMU campus.  Left to right: , , , , , Maria Khutoretsky, and .  (Not pictured: Ravi Teja Mullapudi.)  Best of luck on the adventure!

CMU Graphics at SIGGRAPH 2015

Eight papers co-authored by graphics lab members will be presented at in Los Angeles, CA:
Matthew O'Toole, Supreeth Achar, Srinivasa Narasimhan, Kiriakos Kutulakos
Felix Knoppel, Keenan Crane, Ulrich Pinkall, Peter Schroder
Eakta Jain, Yaser Sheikh, Ariel Shamir, Jessica Hodgins
M. Ersin Yumer, Siddhartha Chaudhuri, Jessica Hodgins, Levent Burak Kara
Moritz Bacher, Stelian Coros, Bernhard Thomaszewski
Shihong Xia, Congyi Wang, Jinxiang Chai, Jessica Hodgins
Jesus Perez, Bernhard Thomaszewski, Stelian Coros, Bernd Bickel, Jose Canabal, Robert Sumner, Miguel Otaduy
Leonid Sigal, Moshe Mahler, Spencer Diaz, Kyna McIntosh, Elizabeth Carter, Timothy Richards, Jessica Hodgins

Recent Press Highlights CMU Graphics “Wizardry”

: Here’s how it’s done: an object is selected in an image, be it a chair, an origami crane, or a fireplug. The system matches the object with currently extant 3D models taken from various sources, and then, by connecting the models with the actual objects, they are able to simulate what the object would look like in the photograph. While this database of objects is obviously fairly limited, it does allow for some clever tricks including making taxi cabs in photos flip around to display their undercarriage and then zoom off into space. Read more at ,   and  .

Keenan Crane Joins Graphics Faculty

 will join the CMU Graphics Lab in 2015 as an Assistant Professor in the and . Keenan received a PhD from Caltech in 2013, as part of the and ; he is currently an NSF Mathematical Sciences Postdoctoral Fellow at . Keenan's research draws on insights from differential geometry and computer science to develop fast numerical algorithms and fundamental representations for real-world geometric data.  This work has been used in production at companies such as and , and has been covered by popular media including National Public Radio and .  Hear Keenan talk about his work via the .

CMU Papers at SIGGRAPH 2014

Matt Stanton, Ben Humberstron, Brandon Kase, James O'Brien (UC Berkeley), Kayvon Fatahalian, Adrien Treuille Yong He, Yan Gu, Kayvon Fatahalian Natasha Kholgade, Tomas Simon, Alexei Efros (UC Berkeley), Yaser Sheikh Ido Arev, Hyun Soo Park, Yaser Sheikh, Jessica Hodgins, Ariel Shamir (Ido and Ariel are affiliated with: Interdisciplinary Center Herzliya, Disney Research Pittsburgh)

Katayanagi Prize Winners Announced!

 from Cornell University and   from Stanford University will visit CMU this Fall to receive the Katayanagi Prizes in Computer Science. Prof. James will give a distinguished lecture Sept. 12th, and Prof. Hanrahan will give a distinguished lecture on Sept 26th. Details will be announced shortly at   would like to add that he has been lucky to have some great advisors.
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Real-Time Path Tracing and Beyond

graphics research

In this keynote presented at High Performance Graphics 2022, Petrik Clarberg shares an update on real-time path tracing and the next steps for real-time graphics research.

Real-time graphics is on the cusp of a historic transition to path tracing. With recent advances in hardware ray tracing, systems research, stochastic light sampling, and denoising, we show that complex light transport effects can be path traced in real time on scenes with billions of triangles and millions of emitters. This includes the well-known PBRT research scenes. These results can fundamentally transform real-time graphics research. The talk is divided into two parts. First, we show visual results and discuss how we built the research path tracer. Second, we discuss the research questions that come next for our field, building on the foundation of real-time path tracing. We focus on what will be required to reach our dream of photorealistic rendering of truly lifelike content in real time.

@misc{ClarbergHPG2022,   author = {Petrik Clarberg and Simon Kallweit and Craig Kolb and Pawel Kozlowski and Yong He and Lifan Wu and Edward Liu and Benedikt Bitterli and Matt Pharr},   title = "{Real-Time Path Tracing and Beyond}",   howpublished = {HPG 2022 Keynote},   month = {July},   year = {2022}, }

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graphics research

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Faculty and researchers.

  • Hadar Averbuch-Elor
  • Kavita Bala
  • Donald Greenberg
  • Steve Marschner
  • Noah Snavely

PhD Students

  • Yen-Yu Chang
  • Aditya Chetan
  • Oliver Daids
  • Youming Deng
  • Aaron Gokaslan
  • Gemmechu Hassena
  • Peter Michael
  • Mariia Soroka
  • Jiatian Sun
  • Abe Davis and Noah Snavely Part of Cornell Research Team Receiving $1M USDA Grant for Digital Agriculture
  • Accurate 3D object detection with stereo cameras in self-driving cars—without LiDAR sensors
  • App creates time-lapse videos with a smartphone
  • Bharath Hariharan and Noah Snavely Develop STEGO, a Novel AI Framework
  • BOOM returns for its 25th year

Research Groups

  • Cornell Graphics and Vision Group
  • Cornell Program of Computer Graphics

Related Areas

Related researchers.

  • Bruce Walter
  • Adrian Sampson
  • François Guimbretière
  • Ramin Zabih

Cornell is a leader in computer graphics, an interdisciplinary area that draws on many specialties including algorithms, physics, computation, psychology, computer vision, and architecture. The Cornell graphics tradition has roots going back to the earliest days of the field, when the Program of Computer Graphics (PCG) was established in 1974 and went on to make breakthrough contributions in areas including light reflection models, physics-based rendering, and visual perception for graphics. Today graphics research at Cornell flows across boundaries to cover a broad area of graphics and related topics, with research in graphics and vision in the Computer Science department , research in rendering and architecture in PCG , and research in human-computer interfaces in the Information Science program, all densely interconnected.

Current research in graphics covers a broad range of topics across the field. Examples include global illumination, scattering models, volume scattering, interactive rendering, cloth simulation, acoustics for graphics, content creation, multiview geometry, computational photography and videography, human visual perception, and appearance capture. Our research addresses applications ranging from visual effects, animation, and games to architecture, surgery simulation, advertising, photography, and photo browsing.

Kavita Bala specializes in computer graphics and computer vision, leading research in visual recognition, search, and discovery; material modeling and acquisition, physically-based rendering; and material perception. In her computer graphics research she uses knowledge of human perception to develop new rendering algorithms for large-scale models for architectural visualization, and new algorithms for material acquisition and representation of complex materials like cloth. In her computer vision research, she develops algorithms for material recognition, fine-grained visual search for products in ecommerce, and large-scale visual discovery for planet-wide events, from global fashion discovery to event detection of forest fires in satellite imagery. Applications of her work include virtual prototyping, sustainability, virtual-reality training, architectural planning, and e-commerce.

Donald Greenberg , the founder of the Program of Computer Graphics , has been researching and teaching in the field of computer graphics from 1966. During the last 15 years, he has been primarily concerned with research advancing the state-of-the-art in computer graphics and with utilizing these techniques as they may be applied to a variety of disciplines. His specialities include hidden surface algorithms, geometric modeling, color science, and realistic image generation. Donald Greenberg is the Jacob Gould Schurman Professor of Computer Graphics and the Director of the Program of Computer Graphics.

Abe Davis  works on a range of topics in graphics, vision, and HCI, with a focus on how to apply work in these fields to new problems and application spaces.  His work ranges across video and image analysis, photography, video editing, augmented reality, and computational fabrication, with applications from civil engineering to video editing and scene modeling to quilting.

Steve Marschner works on modeling materials for graphics , ranging from their optics to thier mechanics, often using techniques that draw from computer vision. For rendering, material modeling is the fundamental problem of understanding and simulating the interaction of light with materials. Recent work has focused on models for the materials that are important for realistic virtual characters—skin, cloth, hair—as well as other materials with complex three-dimensional structure. These materials can often be rendered as volumes of structured, translucent material. Optics works together with shape and motion to define the appearance of a material, so another focus is on realistic models for the mechanics of materials, particularly cloth.

Noah Snavely is primarily interested in analyzing large image collections to automatically recover the geometry and appearance of real-world scenes, and in using this derived structure to create better visualizations of photo collections and 3D scenes. Noah is particularly interested in leveraging the vast, rich collections of imagery available on the Internet to recreate the world in 3D. This research encompasses problems in both computer vision and computer graphics, including structure from motion, multi-view stereo, graph algorithms for analyzing large image collections, image-based rendering, and 3D navigation interfaces. Noah is also interested in creating systems and techniques that make it simple to create 3D models using a hand-held camera.


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Computer Graphics

University of california - berkeley.

  • Publications

Recent News

Prof. O'Brien quoted in New York Times Article on Inappropriate Duplication of Images in Biomedical Research. March 8, 2017

Findings of fraud in biomedical research have surged in recent years, whether from an actual increase in misconduct or from heightened caution ... [more] Findings of fraud in biomedical research have surged in recent years, whether from an actual increase in misconduct or from heightened caution. NYT Article [less]

Berkeley Graphics Alums, Hayley Iben and Sarah Beth Eisinger have been featured in Khan Acedemy's Pixar in a Box series of tutorials. December 12, 2016

Pixar in a Box is a behind-the-scenes look at how Pixar artists do their jobs. You will be able to animate bouncing balls, build a swarm of robots ... [more] Pixar in a Box is a behind-the-scenes look at how Pixar artists do their jobs. You will be able to animate bouncing balls, build a swarm of robots, and make virtual fireworks explode. The subjects you learn in school — math, science, computer science, and humanities — are used every day to create amazing movies at Pixar. This collaboration between Pixar Animation Studios and Khan Academy is sponsored by Disney. Hair Simulation 101 Introduction to Particle Systems [less]

Prof. O'Brien receives Technical Achievement award from The Academy of Motion Picture Arts and Sciences for Finite Element Destruction Modeling January 12, 2015

Prof. James O'Brien will be receiving a Technical Achievement award from The Academy of Motion Picture Arts and Sciences for Finite Element ... [more] Prof. James O'Brien will be receiving a Technical Achievement award from The Academy of Motion Picture Arts and Sciences for Finite Element Destruction Modeling. The software he developed has been used in over 60 Feature films during the last five years, including Harry Potter, Man of Steel, 300: Rise of an Empire, Godzilla, Life of Pi, Maleficent, and Guardians of the Galaxy. DMM Software [less]

Scientific American selected Brian Barsky and Fu-Chung Huang's research on vision correcting displays as one of 2014s ten World Changing Ideas December 1, 2014

Research by Brian Barsky and Fu-Chung and their colleagues at MIT on displays that correct for the viewer's vision problems has been selected ... [more] Research by Brian Barsky and Fu-Chung and their colleagues at MIT on displays that correct for the viewer's vision problems has been selected as one of 2014's ten "World Changing Ideas" by Scientific American . Scientific American article [less]

To be presented at the SIGGRAPH 2014 conference in Vancouver August 10, 2014

Adaptive Tearing and Cracking of Thin Sheets Tobias Pfaff, Rahul Narain, Juan Miguel de Joya, and James O'Brien Exposing Photo Manipulation from ... [more] Adaptive Tearing and Cracking of Thin Sheets Tobias Pfaff, Rahul Narain, Juan Miguel de Joya, and James O'Brien Exposing Photo Manipulation from Shading and Shadows Eric Kee, James O'Brien, and Hany Farid Self-Refining Games using Player Analytics Matt Stanton, Ben Humberston, Brandon Kase, James O'Brien, Kayvon Fatahalian, and Adrien Treuille Factored Axis-Aligned Filtering for Rendering Multiple Distribution Effects Soham Mehta, Ravi Ramamoorthi, and Fredo Durand Eyeglasses-free Display: Towards Correcting Visual Aberrations with Computational Light Field Displays Fu-Chung Huang, Gordon Wetzstein, Brian A. Barsky, and Ramesh Raskar High-Order Similarity Relations in Radiative Transfer Shuang Zhao, Ravi Ramamoorthi, and Kavita Bala Discrete Stochastic Microfacet Models Wenzel Jakob, Milos Hasan, Ling-Qi Yan, Jason Lawrence, Ravi Ramamoorthi, and Steve Marschner Rendering Glints on High-Resolution Normal-Mapped Specular Surfaces Ling-Qi Yan, Milos Hasan, Wenzel Jakob, Jason Lawrence, Steve Marschner, and Ravi Ramamoorthi 3D Object Manipulation in a Single Image using Stock 3D Models Natasha Kholgade, Tomas Simon, Alexei Efros, and Yaser Sheikh 2014 Papers [less]

Recent Papers

Truth in Motion: The Unprecedented Risks and Opportunities of Extended Reality Motion Data Vivek Nair, Louis Rosenberg, James F. O'Brien, Dawn Song IEEE S&P

Berkeley Open Extended Reality Recordings 2023 (BOXRR-23): 4.7 Million Motion Capture Recordings from 105,000 XR Users Vivek Nair, Wenbo Guo, Rui Wang, James F. O'Brien, Louis Rosenberg, Dawn Song IEEE VR 2024

Unique Identification of 50,000+ Virtual Reality Users from Head and Hand Motion Data Vivek Nair, Wenbo Guo, Justus Mattern, Rui Wang, James F. O'Brien, Louis Rosenberg, Dawn Song USENIX Security 23

Exploring the Unprecedented Privacy Risks of the Metaverse Vivek Nair, Gonzalo Munilla Garrido, Dawn Song, James F. O'Brien PoPETS 2023

KBody: Balanced monocular whole-body estimation Nikolaos Zioulis, James F. O'Brien CVFAD 2023

KBody: Towards general, robust, and aligned monocular whole-body estimation Nikolaos Zioulis, James F. O'Brien RHOBIN 2023

Monocular Facial Performance Capture Via Deep Expression Matching Stephen Bailey, Jérémy Riviere, Morten Mikkelsen, James F. O'Brien SCA 2022

This photograph has been altered: Testing the effectiveness of image forensic labeling on news image credibility Cuihua Shen, Mona Kasra, James F. O'Brien Misinformation Review

Fast and Deep Facial Deformations Stephen Bailey, Dalton Omens, Paul Dilorenzo, James F. O'Brien SIGGRAPH 2020

Fake images: The effects of source, intermediary, and digital media literacy on contextual assessment of imag credibility online Cuihua Shen, Mona Kasra, Wenjing Pan, Grace A. Bassett, Yining Malloch, James F. O'Brien New Media and Society

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Leading Lights: NVIDIA Researchers Showcase Groundbreaking Advancements for Real-Time Graphics

Computer graphics and AI are cornerstones of NVIDIA. Combined, they’re bringing creators closer to the goal of cinema-quality 3D imagery rendered in real time.

At a series of graphics conferences this summer, NVIDIA Research is sharing groundbreaking work in real-time path tracing and content creation, much of it based on cutting-edge AI techniques. These projects are tackling the hardest unsolved problems in graphics with new tools that advance the state of the art in real-time rendering.

One goal is improving the realism of rendered light as it passes through complex materials like fur or fog. Another is helping artists more easily turn their creative visions into lifelike models and scenes.

Presented at this week’s SIGGRAPH 2021 — as well as the recent High-Performance Graphics conference and the Eurographics Symposium on Rendering — these research advancements highlight how NVIDIA RTX GPUs make it possible to further the frontiers of photorealistic real-time graphics.

Rendering photorealistic images in real time requires accurate simulation of light, modeling the same laws that govern light in the physical world. The most effective approach known so far, path tracing, requires massive computational resources but can deliver spectacular imagery.

The NVIDIA RTX platform, with dedicated ray-tracing hardware and high-performance Tensor Cores for efficient evaluation of AI models, is tailor made for this task. Yet there are still situations where creating high-fidelity rendered images remains challenging.

Consider, for one, a tiger prowling through the woods.

Seeing the Light: Real-Time Path Tracing

To make a scene completely realistic, creators must render complex lighting effects such as reflections, shadows and visible haze.

In a forest scene, dappled sunlight filters through the leaves on the trees and grows hazy among the water molecules suspended in the foggy air. Rendering realistic real-time imagery of clouds, dusty surfaces or mist like this was once out of reach. But NVIDIA researchers have developed techniques that often compute the visual effect of these phenomena 10x more efficiently.

The tiger itself is both illuminated by sunlight and shadowed by trees. As it strides through the woods, its reflection is visible in the pond below. Lighting these kinds of rich visuals with both direct and indirect reflections can require calculating thousands of paths for every pixel in the scene.

It’s a task far too resource-hungry to solve in real time. So our research team created a path-sampling algorithm that prioritizes the light paths and reflections most likely to contribute to the final image, rendering images over 100x more quickly than before.

AI of the Tiger: Neural Radiance Caching

Another group of NVIDIA researchers achieved a breakthrough in global illumination with a new technique named neural radiance caching . This method uses both NVIDIA RT Cores for ray tracing and Tensor Cores for AI acceleration to train a tiny neural network live while rendering a dynamic scene.

The neural network learns how light is distributed throughout the scene. It evaluates over a billion global illumination queries per second when running on an NVIDIA GeForce RTX 3090 GPU , depicting the tiger’s dense fur with rich lighting detail previously unattainable at interactive frame rates.

Seamless Creation of Tough Textures

As rendering algorithms have progressed, it’s crucial that the 3D content available keeps up with the complexity and richness that the algorithms are capable of.

NVIDIA researchers are diving into this area by developing a variety of techniques that support content creators in their efforts to model rich and realistic 3D environments. One area of focus is on materials with rich geometric complexity, which can be difficult to simulate using traditional techniques.

The weave of a polo shirt, the texture of a carpet, or blades of grass have features often much smaller than the size of a pixel, making it difficult to efficiently store and render representations of them. NVIDIA researchers are addressing this with NeRF-Tex , an approach that uses neural networks to represent these challenging materials and encode how they respond to lighting.

Seeing the Forest for the Trees

Complex geometric objects also vary in their appearance depending on how close they are to the viewer. A leafy tree is one example: Close up, there’s enormous detail in its branches, leaves and bark. From afar, it may appear to be little more than a green blob.

It would be a waste of time to render detailed bark and leaves on a tree that’s on the other end of the forest in a scene. But when zooming in for a close-up, the model should be as realistic as possible.

This is a classic problem in computer graphics known as level of detail. Artists have often been burdened with this challenge, manually modeling multiple versions of each 3D object to enable efficient rendering.

NVIDIA researchers have developed a new approach that generates simplified models automatically based on an inverse rendering method . With it, creators can generate simplified models that are optimized to appear indistinguishable from the originals, but with drastic reductions in their geometric complexity.


More than 200 scientists around the globe make up the NVIDIA Research team, focusing on AI, computer graphics, computer vision, self-driving cars, robotics and more. At SIGGRAPH, which runs from Aug. 9-13, our researchers are presenting the following papers:

  • Real-Time Neural Radiance Caching for Path Tracing
  • Neural Scene Graph Rendering
  • An Unbiased Ray-Marching Transmittance Estimator
  • StrokeStrip: Joint Parameterization and Fitting of Stroke Clusters

Don’t miss NVIDIA’s special address at SIGGRAPH on Aug. 10 at 8 a.m. Pacific, revealing our latest technology, demos and more. Catch our Real Time Live demo on Aug. 10 at 4:30 p.m. Pacific to see how NVIDIA Research creates AI-driven digital avatars .

We’re also discussing esports as a real-time graphics challenge in a panel on Aug. 11. An interactive esports demo is available on demand through the SIGGRAPH Emerging Technologies program.

For more, check out the full lineup of NVIDIA events at SIGGRAPH 2021 .

NVIDIA websites use cookies to deliver and improve the website experience. See our cookie policy for further details on how we use cookies and how to change your cookie settings.

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Tables and figures: Why are graphics taken for granted in research writing?

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MIT postdoc Miaomiao Zhang stands in front of a window overlooking Main Street in Cambridge, Mass. Tall glass buildings are in the background.

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Writing a scientific paper is as complex as it is gratifying. 

To take one on, researchers have to complete literature reviews and orchestrate tests — which they have to design, conduct, and debug. After that, they write pages upon pages of dense text, respond to peer feedback, and more before they can get their foot in a journal’s door.

That’s enough screen time to make one wish for blue light-blocking glasses and a few days staring out at Walden Pond. 

According to Miaomiao Zhang, a postdoc at the MIT Concrete Sustainability Hub  and in the  Department of Civil and Environmental Engineering , something that often gets lost in the shuffle of writing a paper is a concern for the figures and tables inside it.

“When researchers take on a paper, I find that we focus a lot on the writing process. This is to be expected, of course, but I find that we can obsess over the language of our papers to the detriment of the big picture,” observes Zhang, whose research at the MIT Concrete Sustainability Hub focuses on the sectoral environmental footprints and avoided emissions associated with paving materials decisions. “I feel that civil engineers are especially likely to fall into this trap.” 

If you skim a few civil engineering publications and compare them to top journals in disciplines like biology or chemistry, you might notice that the graphics in the former tend to be less sophisticated. 

“You can tell that authors in different disciplines emphasize different things. Civil engineers tend to take less pride in their figures, which they frequently make in Excel rather than a graphics program,” she adds. 

To Zhang, this is a stumbling block for civil engineering research, as poor figures can make even incredible work less accessible. She is attempting to change this, one engineer at a time.

Four charts showing the lag distance for different asphalt thickness and subgrade modulus groups.

Previous item Next item

“At the Concrete Sustainability Hub, I am notorious for being a stickler about quality figures. I am always commenting on my fellow researchers’ charts and tables while offering to help make them better. I feel that it’s my responsibility toward them to help make their work as accessible as possible, so that we can all grow as a research community.” 

While researchers often crowd her desk at the Materials Systems Laboratory to ask for help, she didn’t always place importance on the graphics component of research writing. 

Up through her PhD, Zhang preferred to keep her figures bare-bones, thinking of them as secondary to her writing.

“I was perfectly happy to make my figures with graphic programs like R, Python, and PowerPoint. Then it struck me that I could more effectively communicate my research if I took the time to thoughtfully lay out my tables and charts and do my best to draw graphics. I still wouldn’t say that I’m good at it, but the effort is what matters!” 

Zhang credits her close friends with giving her a passion for figure design, which she describes as infectious. “As scientists, we have to feed off the passion of our peers to make it far,” she notes. 

One day, Zhang hopes to take her communication-first approach to research to her own lab. 

“A goal of mine is to become a professor or research scientist who is really there for my students. Especially the ones early in their academic careers, who need the most help and motivation. I want to push my students beyond being ‘good enough,’ encouraging them to take on topics with their best effort.”

“I think that my current advisor, Dr. Randolph Kirchain , is a good model for the type of advisor I’d want to be. He takes entire days to hear about what each of us is working on and is patient. He reminds us that we should be focusing on conveying our research, and not just performing it,” she adds. 

Zhang credits her father for giving her the drive to become a high-performing academic. “He will always think of me, and I hope through my work I can meet his expectations to become the best I can be.”

Ultimately, if you ever find yourself in Zhang’s lab, be prepared for a crash course in graphics. One figure at a time, she is changing the landscape of civil engineering research for the better. 

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Falcor is professionally designed and maintained by NVIDIA. It is open source and we welcome and encourage contributions from the community. We especially invite researchers to contribute implementations of published algorithms.

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Public Trust in Government: 1958-2024

Public trust in the federal government, which has been low for decades, has increased modestly since 2023 . As of April 2024, 22% of Americans say they trust the government in Washington to do what is right “just about always” (2%) or “most of the time” (21%). Last year, 16% said they trusted the government just about always or most of the time, which was among the lowest measures in nearly seven decades of polling.

Date.Individual pollsMoving average

When the National Election Study began asking about trust in government in 1958, about three-quarters of Americans trusted the federal government to do the right thing almost always or most of the time.

Trust in government began eroding during the 1960s, amid the escalation of the Vietnam War, and the decline continued in the 1970s with the Watergate scandal and worsening economic struggles.

Confidence in government recovered in the mid-1980s before falling again in the mid-’90s. But as the economy grew in the late 1990s, so too did trust in government. Public trust reached a three-decade high shortly after the 9/11 terrorist attacks but declined quickly after. Since 2007, the shares saying they can trust the government always or most of the time have not been higher than 30%.

Today, 35% of Democrats and Democratic-leaning independents say they trust the federal government just about always or most of the time, compared with 11% of Republicans and Republican leaners.

Democrats report slightly more trust in the federal government today than a year ago. Republicans’ views have been relatively unchanged over this period.

Since the 1970s, trust in government has been consistently higher among members of the party that controls the White House than among the opposition party.

Republicans have often been more reactive than Democrats to changes in political leadership, with Republicans expressing much lower levels of trust during Democratic presidencies. Democrats’ attitudes have tended to be somewhat more consistent, regardless of which party controls the White House.

However, Republican and Democratic shifts in attitudes from the end of Donald Trump’s presidency to the start of Joe Biden’s were roughly the same magnitude.

Date.Democrat/Lean DemRepublican/Lean Rep
Date.Liberal Dem/Lean DemCons-Moderate Dem/Lean DemModerate-Lib Rep/Lean RepConservative Rep/Lean Rep

Among Asian, Hispanic and Black adults, 36%, 30% and 27% respectively say they trust the federal government “most of the time” or “just about always” – higher levels of trust than among White adults (19%).

During the last Democratic administration, Black and Hispanic adults similarly expressed more trust in government than White adults. Throughout most recent Republican administrations, White Americans were substantially more likely than Black Americans to express trust in the federal government to do the right thing.


Note: For full question wording, refer to the topline . White, Black and Asian American adults include those who report being one race and are not Hispanic. Hispanics are of any race. Estimates for Asian adults are representative of English speakers only.

Sources: Pew Research Center, National Election Studies, Gallup, ABC/Washington Post, CBS/New York Times, and CNN Polls. Data from 2020 and later comes from Pew Research Center’s online American Trends Panel; prior data is from telephone surveys. Details about changes in survey mode can be found in this 2020 report . Read more about the Center’s polling methodology . For analysis by party and race/ethnicity, selected datasets were obtained from searches of the iPOLL Databank provided by the Roper Center for Public Opinion Research .

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Understanding the basics of carbon dioxide

  • June 28, 2024
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Recently, NOAA announced that levels of carbon dioxide measured at NOAA’s Mauna Loa Atmospheric Baseline Observatory (MLO) surged to a seasonal peak of just under 427 parts per million (ppm) in May. When combined with 2023’s increase of 3.0 ppm, the period from 2022 to 2024 has seen the largest two-year jump in the May peak in the NOAA record . As atmospheric greenhouse gas (GHG) levels continue to rise, it is important to understand the basics of what these gases are, how NOAA monitors them, and what they mean for our global climate. Continue reading to learn all about carbon dioxide and why it keeps making headlines. 

Basics of carbon dioxide

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Carbon dioxide is a gas produced when an organic carbon compound (such as wood) or fossilized organic matter (such as coal, oil, or natural gas) is burned in the presence of oxygen. Carbon dioxide is removed from the atmosphere by “sinks”, such as absorption by seawater and photosynthesis by plants and plankton . Despite comprising a small and sometimes tiny fraction of the atmosphere, many of these trace gases , including carbon dioxide, have a significant influence on Earth’s climate due to a phenomenon called the “ Greenhouse Effect “. 

The Greenhouse Effect is a naturally occurring process that regulates Earth’s climate by trapping heat from escaping our atmosphere. Without carbon dioxide, Earth’s natural greenhouse effect would be too weak to keep the average global surface temperature above freezing . However, as atmospheric concentrations of GHGs increase, more infrared radiation is absorbed and less escapes directly to space, resulting in amplified warming. This amplified warming is called the Enhanced Greenhouse Effect . 

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Causes and consequences of rising carbon dioxide levels 

Carbon dioxide levels in the atmosphere have varied naturally throughout Earth’s history. However, current atmospheric carbon dioxide levels are comparable to what levels were around 4.3 million years ago during the mid-Pliocene epoch . Burning fossil fuels is a major culprit of rising emissions because fossil fuels contain carbon that plants pulled out of the atmosphere through photosynthesis over millions of years. Now, we are releasing that carbon to the atmosphere in less than 200 years. About half of the carbon dioxide humans release into the air is absorbed at Earth’s surface, split roughly equally between land and ocean. About half of the carbon dioxide humans release into the air stays in the atmosphere for up to thousands of years. 

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In addition to warming temperatures, rising carbon dioxide levels can cause increased hurricane intensity , sea level rise , ocean acidification , and social inequities experienced by underserved and overburdened communities that face higher risks of illness and death from extreme heat. If global energy demand continues to grow rapidly and we meet it mostly with fossil fuels, human emissions of carbon dioxide could reach 75 billion tons per year or more by the end of the century. Atmospheric carbon dioxide could be 800 ppm or higher—conditions not seen on Earth for close to 50 million years. 

How NOAA monitors carbon dioxide

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NOAA has been collecting carbon dioxide measurements directly from the atmosphere for 50 years at MLO, with measurements that run in parallel with those taken by the Scripps Institution of Oceanography beginning in 1958. The data collected at MLO, as well as measurements from sampling stations around the world , are incorporated into the Global Greenhouse Gas Reference Network . This network is a foundational research dataset for international climate scientists and a benchmark for policymakers attempting to address the causes and impacts of climate change.

In addition to the data collected at in-situ sites such as MLO, the NOAA Global Monitoring Laboratory monitors carbon dioxide and other GHGs via an aircraft program , cooperative flask sampling network , and the AirCore atmospheric sampling system . By using these various methods to collect data, scientists are able to develop a comprehensive view of global carbon dioxide levels and how they are changing with time. 

Below you can find resources for more information on carbon dioxide and other GHGs:

  • Find NOAA’s full record of carbon dioxide and other GHGs here .
  • Learn more about historical records of carbon dioxide and previous warming cycles here .
  • Learn more about how COVID-19 influenced carbon dioxide levels here . 

To stay up to date on current GHG and carbon dioxide research happening at NOAA, check out our website and follow us on Instagram , Twitter , and Facebook . 

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A class of ozone-depleting chemicals is declining, thanks to the Montreal Protocol

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Nitrous oxide emissions grew 40 percent from 1980 to 2020, accelerating climate change

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During a year of extremes, carbon dioxide levels surge faster than ever

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40 Facts About Elektrostal

Lanette Mayes

Written by Lanette Mayes

Modified & Updated: 01 Jun 2024

Jessica Corbett

Reviewed by Jessica Corbett


Elektrostal is a vibrant city located in the Moscow Oblast region of Russia. With a rich history, stunning architecture, and a thriving community, Elektrostal is a city that has much to offer. Whether you are a history buff, nature enthusiast, or simply curious about different cultures, Elektrostal is sure to captivate you.

This article will provide you with 40 fascinating facts about Elektrostal, giving you a better understanding of why this city is worth exploring. From its origins as an industrial hub to its modern-day charm, we will delve into the various aspects that make Elektrostal a unique and must-visit destination.

So, join us as we uncover the hidden treasures of Elektrostal and discover what makes this city a true gem in the heart of Russia.

Key Takeaways:

  • Elektrostal, known as the “Motor City of Russia,” is a vibrant and growing city with a rich industrial history, offering diverse cultural experiences and a strong commitment to environmental sustainability.
  • With its convenient location near Moscow, Elektrostal provides a picturesque landscape, vibrant nightlife, and a range of recreational activities, making it an ideal destination for residents and visitors alike.

Known as the “Motor City of Russia.”

Elektrostal, a city located in the Moscow Oblast region of Russia, earned the nickname “Motor City” due to its significant involvement in the automotive industry.

Home to the Elektrostal Metallurgical Plant.

Elektrostal is renowned for its metallurgical plant, which has been producing high-quality steel and alloys since its establishment in 1916.

Boasts a rich industrial heritage.

Elektrostal has a long history of industrial development, contributing to the growth and progress of the region.

Founded in 1916.

The city of Elektrostal was founded in 1916 as a result of the construction of the Elektrostal Metallurgical Plant.

Located approximately 50 kilometers east of Moscow.

Elektrostal is situated in close proximity to the Russian capital, making it easily accessible for both residents and visitors.

Known for its vibrant cultural scene.

Elektrostal is home to several cultural institutions, including museums, theaters, and art galleries that showcase the city’s rich artistic heritage.

A popular destination for nature lovers.

Surrounded by picturesque landscapes and forests, Elektrostal offers ample opportunities for outdoor activities such as hiking, camping, and birdwatching.

Hosts the annual Elektrostal City Day celebrations.

Every year, Elektrostal organizes festive events and activities to celebrate its founding, bringing together residents and visitors in a spirit of unity and joy.

Has a population of approximately 160,000 people.

Elektrostal is home to a diverse and vibrant community of around 160,000 residents, contributing to its dynamic atmosphere.

Boasts excellent education facilities.

The city is known for its well-established educational institutions, providing quality education to students of all ages.

A center for scientific research and innovation.

Elektrostal serves as an important hub for scientific research, particularly in the fields of metallurgy , materials science, and engineering.

Surrounded by picturesque lakes.

The city is blessed with numerous beautiful lakes , offering scenic views and recreational opportunities for locals and visitors alike.

Well-connected transportation system.

Elektrostal benefits from an efficient transportation network, including highways, railways, and public transportation options, ensuring convenient travel within and beyond the city.

Famous for its traditional Russian cuisine.

Food enthusiasts can indulge in authentic Russian dishes at numerous restaurants and cafes scattered throughout Elektrostal.

Home to notable architectural landmarks.

Elektrostal boasts impressive architecture, including the Church of the Transfiguration of the Lord and the Elektrostal Palace of Culture.

Offers a wide range of recreational facilities.

Residents and visitors can enjoy various recreational activities, such as sports complexes, swimming pools, and fitness centers, enhancing the overall quality of life.

Provides a high standard of healthcare.

Elektrostal is equipped with modern medical facilities, ensuring residents have access to quality healthcare services.

Home to the Elektrostal History Museum.

The Elektrostal History Museum showcases the city’s fascinating past through exhibitions and displays.

A hub for sports enthusiasts.

Elektrostal is passionate about sports, with numerous stadiums, arenas, and sports clubs offering opportunities for athletes and spectators.

Celebrates diverse cultural festivals.

Throughout the year, Elektrostal hosts a variety of cultural festivals, celebrating different ethnicities, traditions, and art forms.

Electric power played a significant role in its early development.

Elektrostal owes its name and initial growth to the establishment of electric power stations and the utilization of electricity in the industrial sector.

Boasts a thriving economy.

The city’s strong industrial base, coupled with its strategic location near Moscow, has contributed to Elektrostal’s prosperous economic status.

Houses the Elektrostal Drama Theater.

The Elektrostal Drama Theater is a cultural centerpiece, attracting theater enthusiasts from far and wide.

Popular destination for winter sports.

Elektrostal’s proximity to ski resorts and winter sport facilities makes it a favorite destination for skiing, snowboarding, and other winter activities.

Promotes environmental sustainability.

Elektrostal prioritizes environmental protection and sustainability, implementing initiatives to reduce pollution and preserve natural resources.

Home to renowned educational institutions.

Elektrostal is known for its prestigious schools and universities, offering a wide range of academic programs to students.

Committed to cultural preservation.

The city values its cultural heritage and takes active steps to preserve and promote traditional customs, crafts, and arts.

Hosts an annual International Film Festival.

The Elektrostal International Film Festival attracts filmmakers and cinema enthusiasts from around the world, showcasing a diverse range of films.

Encourages entrepreneurship and innovation.

Elektrostal supports aspiring entrepreneurs and fosters a culture of innovation, providing opportunities for startups and business development .

Offers a range of housing options.

Elektrostal provides diverse housing options, including apartments, houses, and residential complexes, catering to different lifestyles and budgets.

Home to notable sports teams.

Elektrostal is proud of its sports legacy , with several successful sports teams competing at regional and national levels.

Boasts a vibrant nightlife scene.

Residents and visitors can enjoy a lively nightlife in Elektrostal, with numerous bars, clubs, and entertainment venues.

Promotes cultural exchange and international relations.

Elektrostal actively engages in international partnerships, cultural exchanges, and diplomatic collaborations to foster global connections.

Surrounded by beautiful nature reserves.

Nearby nature reserves, such as the Barybino Forest and Luchinskoye Lake, offer opportunities for nature enthusiasts to explore and appreciate the region’s biodiversity.

Commemorates historical events.

The city pays tribute to significant historical events through memorials, monuments, and exhibitions, ensuring the preservation of collective memory.

Promotes sports and youth development.

Elektrostal invests in sports infrastructure and programs to encourage youth participation, health, and physical fitness.

Hosts annual cultural and artistic festivals.

Throughout the year, Elektrostal celebrates its cultural diversity through festivals dedicated to music, dance, art, and theater.

Provides a picturesque landscape for photography enthusiasts.

The city’s scenic beauty, architectural landmarks, and natural surroundings make it a paradise for photographers.

Connects to Moscow via a direct train line.

The convenient train connection between Elektrostal and Moscow makes commuting between the two cities effortless.

A city with a bright future.

Elektrostal continues to grow and develop, aiming to become a model city in terms of infrastructure, sustainability, and quality of life for its residents.

In conclusion, Elektrostal is a fascinating city with a rich history and a vibrant present. From its origins as a center of steel production to its modern-day status as a hub for education and industry, Elektrostal has plenty to offer both residents and visitors. With its beautiful parks, cultural attractions, and proximity to Moscow, there is no shortage of things to see and do in this dynamic city. Whether you’re interested in exploring its historical landmarks, enjoying outdoor activities, or immersing yourself in the local culture, Elektrostal has something for everyone. So, next time you find yourself in the Moscow region, don’t miss the opportunity to discover the hidden gems of Elektrostal.

Q: What is the population of Elektrostal?

A: As of the latest data, the population of Elektrostal is approximately XXXX.

Q: How far is Elektrostal from Moscow?

A: Elektrostal is located approximately XX kilometers away from Moscow.

Q: Are there any famous landmarks in Elektrostal?

A: Yes, Elektrostal is home to several notable landmarks, including XXXX and XXXX.

Q: What industries are prominent in Elektrostal?

A: Elektrostal is known for its steel production industry and is also a center for engineering and manufacturing.

Q: Are there any universities or educational institutions in Elektrostal?

A: Yes, Elektrostal is home to XXXX University and several other educational institutions.

Q: What are some popular outdoor activities in Elektrostal?

A: Elektrostal offers several outdoor activities, such as hiking, cycling, and picnicking in its beautiful parks.

Q: Is Elektrostal well-connected in terms of transportation?

A: Yes, Elektrostal has good transportation links, including trains and buses, making it easily accessible from nearby cities.

Q: Are there any annual events or festivals in Elektrostal?

A: Yes, Elektrostal hosts various events and festivals throughout the year, including XXXX and XXXX.

Elektrostal's fascinating history, vibrant culture, and promising future make it a city worth exploring. For more captivating facts about cities around the world, discover the unique characteristics that define each city . Uncover the hidden gems of Moscow Oblast through our in-depth look at Kolomna. Lastly, dive into the rich industrial heritage of Teesside, a thriving industrial center with its own story to tell.

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Our commitment to delivering trustworthy and engaging content is at the heart of what we do. Each fact on our site is contributed by real users like you, bringing a wealth of diverse insights and information. To ensure the highest standards of accuracy and reliability, our dedicated editors meticulously review each submission. This process guarantees that the facts we share are not only fascinating but also credible. Trust in our commitment to quality and authenticity as you explore and learn with us.

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Pokémon GO

Pokémon GO is celebrating eight years—join us for the fun!

Pokémon GO is celebrating eight years—join us for the fun!

Pokémon GO’s 8th Anniversary Party

Friday, June 28, at 10:00 a.m. to Wednesday, July 3, 2024, at 8:00 p.m. local time

Pokémon Debuts

New costumed Pokémon will appear during this event!

Grimer wearing a party hat* Muk wearing a party hat

When you use the Mystery Box during this event, you might encounter Shiny Meltan—if you’re lucky!

In addition, you’ll be able to open the Mystery Box more frequently.

Event Bonuses

  • Increased chance to become Lucky Friends.
  • Increased chance to get Lucky Pokémon in trades.
  • Friendship levels will increase faster than normal through opening Gifts, trading Pokémon, or battling together in raids, Gyms, or Trainer Battles!
  • Chance of finding 8 or 88 (or maybe more!) Gimmighoul Coins when you spin a PokéStop with a Golden Lure Module.

In addition to the above, the 8th Anniversary Party will have special bonuses on certain days!

June 28 at 10:00 a.m. – June 29 at 11:59 p.m. local time

  • 1/2 Egg Hatch Distance when Eggs are placed in an Incubator on these days.

June 30 at 12:00 a.m. – July 1 at 11:59 p.m. local time

  • 2× XP for catching Pokémon.

July 2 at 12:00 a.m. – July 3 at 8:00 p.m. local time

  • 2× Stardust for catching Pokémon.

Wild Encounters

The following Pokémon will appear more frequently in the wild.

Bulbasaur wearing a party hat* Charmander wearing a party hat* Squirtle wearing a party hat* Pikachu wearing a cake hat* Grimer wearing a party hat* Eevee wearing a party hat* Sprigatito Fuecoco Quaxly

Some Trainers might even encounter the following!

Alolan Grimer*

The following Pokémon will appear more frequently on these dates.

June 28 at 10:00 a.m. – June 29 at 11:59 p.m. local time Chikorita* Cyndaquil* Totodile* Treecko* Torchic* Mudkip*

June 30 at 12:00 a.m. – July 1 at 11:59 p.m. local time Turtwig* Chimchar* Piplup* Snivy* Tepig* Oshawott*

July 2 at 12:00 a.m. – July 3 at 8:00 p.m. local time Chespin* Fennekin* Froakie* Rowlet* Litten* Popplio

The following Pokémon will appear in raids. Pokémon appearing in one-star raids will have a greater chance of being a Shiny Pokémon than when found in the wild.

One-Star Raids Bulbasaur wearing a party hat* Charmander wearing a party hat* Squirtle wearing a party hat* Pikachu wearing a cake hat* Grimer wearing a party hat*

Field Research Task Rewards

Event-themed Field Research tasks will be available!

Complete them to earn encounters with first-partner Pokémon, such as Bulbasaur, Cyndaquil, Mudkip, and more!

Some Field Research tasks will also award Mega Energy for the following Pokémon.

Venusaur Charizard Blastoise Sceptile Blaziken Swampert

Timed Research

Event-themed Timed Research will be available throughout the event.

Complete tasks to earn XP, Stardust, and encounters with event-themed Pokémon such as Raticate wearing a party hat, Nidorino wearing a party hat, Wobbuffet wearing a party hat, Meltan, and more!

Paid Timed Research

For US$2.00 (or the equivalent pricing tier in your local currency), you’ll be able to access event-exclusive Timed Research.*

Complete the event-themed research tasks, such as spinning eight PokéStops or evolving eight Pokémon, to receive the following.

  • 1 Incubator
  • 1 Super Incubator
  • 1 Premium Battle Pass
  • 1 Lucky Egg
  • 1 Rocket Radar
  • 1 Star Piece
  • An encounter with Meltan

Whispers in the Woods

For US$5.00 (or the equivalent pricing tier in your local currency), you’ll be able to pick up a Masterwork Research story, Whispers in the Woods, which leads to an encounter with Shiny Celebi!*

Shiny Celebi originally appeared in Pokémon GO in the Distracted by Something Shiny Special Research story, and it’s returning once more as part of our 8th Anniversary Party. Once purchased, you’ll be able to access a Masterwork Research story, which are special kinds of research that are intended to be completed over a long period of time.

Tickets for this Masterwork Research story will be available to purchase until Wednesday, July 3, 2024, at 8:00 p.m. local time.

Ticket holders will gain access to the Masterwork Research story during the 8th Anniversary Party event. To receive the Masterwork Research, you must open Pokémon GO at some point between Friday, June 28, at 10:00 a.m. and Wednesday, July 3, 2024, at 8:00 p.m. local time. After you’ve received the Masterwork Research, you can complete it at any time.

Trainers who purchase this Masterwork Research story or have previously received the Distracted by Something Shiny Special Research story (either active or completed) can also enjoy the following bonuses for the duration of our 8th Anniversary Party event.

  • 2× Incense duration
  • 2× Daily Adventure Incense duration
  • 2× Lucky Egg duration

Pokémon GO Web Store — Anniversary Box

The Pokémon GO Web Store is celebrating this exciting milestone with the Anniversary Box! This offer features three Remote Raid Passes, one Incubator, and three Premium Battle Passes for US$4.99 (or the equivalent pricing tier in your local currency). Make sure to check it out!

Now even more Trainers can enjoy the web store! Trainers with Pokémon Trainer Club (PTC) accounts will now be able to log in to the Pokémon GO Web Store with the same credentials used to log in to Pokémon GO.

New Avatar Items

The following avatar items will be available to purchase in the in-game shop during this event.

Noctowl Loose-Fitting Jacket Mankey Loose-Fitting Jacket Loose-Fitting Pants (Dark Gray) Pom-Pom Style Oricorio Hat Pa’u Style Oricorio Hat Baile Style Oricorio Hat Sensu Style Oricorio Hat

graphics research

You’ll be able to get event-themed stickers by spinning PokéStops, opening Gifts, and purchasing them from the in-game shop.

graphics research

PokéStop Showcases

Be on the lookout for Showcases at different PokéStops where you can enter event-themed Pokémon!

Please be aware of your surroundings and follow guidelines from local health authorities when playing Pokémon GO. Upcoming events are subject to change. Be sure to follow us on social media, opt in to receiving push notifications, and subscribe to our emails to stay updated.

—The Pokémon GO team


Current time by city

For example, New York

Current time by country

For example, Japan

Time difference

For example, London

For example, Dubai


For example, Hong Kong

For example, Delhi

For example, Sydney

Geographic coordinates of Elektrostal, Moscow Oblast, Russia

City coordinates

Coordinates of Elektrostal in decimal degrees

Coordinates of elektrostal in degrees and decimal minutes, utm coordinates of elektrostal, geographic coordinate systems.

WGS 84 coordinate reference system is the latest revision of the World Geodetic System, which is used in mapping and navigation, including GPS satellite navigation system (the Global Positioning System).

Geographic coordinates (latitude and longitude) define a position on the Earth’s surface. Coordinates are angular units. The canonical form of latitude and longitude representation uses degrees (°), minutes (′), and seconds (″). GPS systems widely use coordinates in degrees and decimal minutes, or in decimal degrees.

Latitude varies from −90° to 90°. The latitude of the Equator is 0°; the latitude of the South Pole is −90°; the latitude of the North Pole is 90°. Positive latitude values correspond to the geographic locations north of the Equator (abbrev. N). Negative latitude values correspond to the geographic locations south of the Equator (abbrev. S).

Longitude is counted from the prime meridian ( IERS Reference Meridian for WGS 84) and varies from −180° to 180°. Positive longitude values correspond to the geographic locations east of the prime meridian (abbrev. E). Negative longitude values correspond to the geographic locations west of the prime meridian (abbrev. W).

UTM or Universal Transverse Mercator coordinate system divides the Earth’s surface into 60 longitudinal zones. The coordinates of a location within each zone are defined as a planar coordinate pair related to the intersection of the equator and the zone’s central meridian, and measured in meters.

Elevation above sea level is a measure of a geographic location’s height. We are using the global digital elevation model GTOPO30 .

Elektrostal , Moscow Oblast, Russia

Cybo The Global Business Directory

  • Moscow Oblast
  •  » 
  • Elektrostal

State Housing Inspectorate of the Moscow Region

Phone 8 (496) 575-02-20 8 (496) 575-02-20

Phone 8 (496) 511-20-80 8 (496) 511-20-80

Public administration near State Housing Inspectorate of the Moscow Region

PromptApp: AI Image Generator 17+

Limitless character ai, ai research group limited, designed for ipad.

  • 4.4 • 659 Ratings
  • Offers In-App Purchases



Ultimate Character AI Turn words into your perfect AI character with PromptApp: AI Image Generator! Just enter a prompt and generate any AI image you can imagine. Enjoy free and high-quality AI image creation in a range of different styles, from Anime, Cinematic, to Art. PromptApp features the most advanced models for AI character, AI anime, and AI art creation. It allows you to design your perfect AI character with the best results. Create Bring your ideal character to life with PromptApp AI, the best AI art generator for mobile. With the highest quality AI images, dive into styles like Anime, Cinematic, and Art. Harness the latest AI tech and shape the perfect AI companion. Edit Easily upload and fine-tune any image to create your ideal AI character. Just choose a section and modify it as you wish. Experience the simplest AI character photo editing yet. Character AI Simply select an AI photo, type in any situation or setting, and watch as it generates a lifelike AI-generated companion. Choose from Realistic, Anime, or Artistic art styles. Explore A vast library of over 10 million AI characters, crafted by our community. Clone and customize any image to your liking, and unleash your creativity. Terms of Service: https://promptaiapp.com/termsofservice Privacy Policy: https://promptaiapp.com/privacypolicy Fair Use Policy: https://promptaiapp.com/fairusepolicy

Version 1.2.5

Interface: Enjoy a new look!

Ratings and Reviews

659 Ratings

Works pretty well for a mobile app, even though I prefer the full browser. It would be better if the app gave iPad users the ability to rotate the screen left or right instead of restricting use to portrait mode. Until that feature is added, I don’t see myself using the app that much.

New revenue for developers

Solid app but the only ways to get gems is to share the app (sorry but no thanks) or buy them (it’s better than most similar products & at a better price) but it could have another feature to benefit both parities As a task you could watch ads to earn gems, that way those who quit the app after the first free gems will keep producing revenue over time & those who already buy it don’t have to wait the longer time. Also I was thinking about getting a subscription but I’m quite hesitant to because it says “advanced features” or “all features” but I’m not quite sure what that means. I saw that an ai bot was available but I’m not sure if gifs or videos are possible. If you could clarify that on the app that would probably encourage a lot more people to actually get it. Overall an amazing quality app but an ad system that gives gems in exchange for viewing advertisements & clarification on what the subscriptions provide would greatly benefit the experience & increase profit margins.

Using the app scrapped my account

Not sure how this has any good reviews, first of all you can’t even use it. I was prompted to join from the browser version with the promise of getting extra gems to my account. I open the app and log in, and not only are there zero gems at all, making it completely unusable, but all my history is gone too. Both in app and in the browser version now. Not just unviewable without the pro version, but gone entirely. It is unusable, and all my pics are just gone forever it seems.

App Privacy

The developer, AI Research Group Limited , indicated that the app’s privacy practices may include handling of data as described below. For more information, see the developer’s privacy policy .

Data Used to Track You

The following data may be used to track you across apps and websites owned by other companies:

Data Linked to You

The following data may be collected and linked to your identity:

  • Contact Info
  • User Content
  • Identifiers

Data Not Linked to You

The following data may be collected but it is not linked to your identity:

Privacy practices may vary, for example, based on the features you use or your age. Learn More


  • 50 Gems $3.99
  • Plus $11.99
  • 250 Gems $9.99
  • 900 Gems $19.99
  • Premium $18.99
  • 1800 Gems $41.99
  • 3000 Gems $79.99
  • 10000 Gems $259.99
  • App Support
  • Privacy Policy

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Category : Moscow Oblast

Federal subjects of the Russian Federation:

 image   flag image   coat of arms image   locator map image 
Instance of
Part of
Named after
Legislative body
Executive body
Head of government
Authority file
Library of Congress authority ID:
National Library of Israel ID (old):
National Library of Israel J9U ID:
OpenStreetMap relation ID:


This category has the following 23 subcategories, out of 23 total.

  • Aerial photographs of Moscow Oblast ‎ (6 C, 253 F)
  • Valued images of Moscow Oblast ‎ (16 F)
  • Featured pictures of Moscow Oblast ‎ (11 F)
  • Quality images of Moscow Oblast ‎ (10 C, 299 F)
  • Alabino proving ground ‎ (16 C, 8 F)
  • Courts in Moscow Oblast ‎ (1 F)
  • Culture of Moscow Oblast ‎ (49 C, 4 F)
  • Documents of Moscow Oblast ‎ (1 C, 3 F)
  • Economy of Moscow Oblast ‎ (22 C, 8 F)
  • Geography of Moscow Oblast ‎ (17 C, 2 F)
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  • Society of Moscow Oblast ‎ (5 C)
  • Unidentified locations in Moscow Oblast ‎ (86 F)
  • Videos from Moscow Oblast ‎ (9 C, 1 F)
  • Views of Moscow Oblast ‎ (15 C, 7 F)

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The following 200 files are in this category, out of 595 total.

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Cars for sale

Sell my car, car research, sign in, 2025 rivian r1s first look, one of the few electric three-row suvs sees substantial upgrades..

graphics research


  • 2025 Rivian R1S: Style and interior
  • 2025 Rivian R1S: Power and performance
  • 2025 Rivian R1S: Features and tech
  • 2025 Rivian R1S: Price and availability

There aren't many three-row electric SUVs on the market, but even if there were a dozen, the Rivian R1S would still be an appealing choice. For 2025, the luxury electric sport-utility vehicle has undergone an update that gives it more power, revised batteries, and a host of style and feature improvements that make it an even more potent package for EV-curious family buyers.

Rear of a blue 2025 Rivian R1S

A Self-Tinting Glass Roof and Gaming Graphics Are Interior Wow Factors

It's largely status quo when it comes to the Rivian R1S 's exterior, as the 2025 update largely makes do with adding a paint color option, Storm Blue, and blacking out some of its trim as a way to keep the still-attractive design feeling fresh.

More attention has been paid to the 2025 Rivian R1S's cabin, which gains a pair of new trims aimed at high-dollar buyers. On top of that, the SUV features a sound system that integrates Dolby Atmos technology, as well as a tint-on-command glass roof that can take the interior from cozy to sun splashed in seconds.

Also helping to dazzle are new graphics capabilities for the vehicle's dashboard screens, which now rely on the Unreal Engine 3D creation tool to provide more compelling graphics and animations.

Interior of a 2025 Rivian R1S

Choose Your Horsepower From More Motor Configurations

For 2025, Rivian has moved the production of all of its electric motors in-house. Its quad-motor design was the last to swap third-party sourcing for homegrown goodness. Now upgraded to 1,025 horsepower, the quad-motor R1S is joined by a dual-motor configuration — with 533 horsepower for the base model, 665 horsepower for the Performance trim — and a new tri-motor 850-hp version.

Rivian continues to offer individual control over each motor to assist with traction and acceleration both on the road and off. Its rear motors pour on the torque while accelerating, and its front motors are designed inside a more compact housing to boost efficiency.

Two children in the second row of a 2025 Rivian R1S

Reconfigured Batteries and Wiring Add Efficiencies to the R1S

Battery range for the Rivian R1S remains robust, even with the more powerful electric motor configurations now on tap. The company has reconfigured each of its battery designs, with a maximum of 420 miles of driving available from its longest-legged model.

Entry-level R1S editions continue to see about 270 miles per charge, albeit now derived from a new lithium-iron-phosphate battery that should endure better over time than the previous chemistries used by the company.

Additional tech investments in the Rivian R1S include much higher definition for each of the 11 video cameras it uses as part of the SUV's suite of driver-assistance features, as well as a dramatic reduction in the amount of wiring and computer chip usage. This is made possible via a new computerized management system that is more efficient — and faster — than what was found in first-generation versions of the R1S.

Side of a 2025 Rivian R1S towing a small boat

The Base R1S Starts at $78,000

The most affordable, 270-mile-range version of the 2025 Rivian R1S is priced at about $78,000, which is on par with the outgoing model.

The price can rapidly climb from there. Another $7,000 buys the Dual Large version with 330 miles of range, while the 410-mile Dual Max version goes for about $92,000. The ultra-rapid Tri Max has 380 miles of range, and it's about $108,000. The price of the Quad Max, which Rivian says will be available in 2025, has not been announced.

Rivian charges extra for some paint hues, plus various wheel designs, interior and exterior trim packages, and accessories that can hike the price north of $115,000.

All vehicle pricing includes MSRP plus destination charges (set at the time of publication) and will be rounded to the nearest thousand.

Written by humans. Edited by humans.

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